The History of Westcroft Gardens

Westcroft (meaning West Farm) Gardens is the oldest farm in Michigan still owned and operated by the same family.  It is the oldest by 20 years.

The island of Grosse Ile, along with what is now Westcroft Gardens, was purchased July 6, 1776 by the brothers William and Alexander Macomb from the Potawatomi Indians.  The Potawatomi had camped here to hunt, fish and gather wild fruits.  Many Indian artifacts have been found in Westcroft.

Courtesy of the Burton Historical Collection at the Detroit Public Library

Courtesy of the Burton Historical Collection at the Detroit Public Library

In 1791 William purchased Alexander's share of Grosse Ile for £200 as Alexander had moved east where he purchased 6,620 square miles of New York state.

In 1811 the "treaty" between the Macomb brothers and the Potawatomi Indians was finally ratified by President Madison and William's three sons were recognized as the owners of Grosse Ile.  A photocopy of the deed, or "treaty" as such land transactions with the Indians were called, is in the Westcroft office.  The original is in the Burton Collection of the Detroit Library.  David Macomb owned the central part of Grosse Ile which included Westcroft but he got into debt and sold it to his nephew John Anthony Rucker II.  The large white house on West River Road, north of the entrance to Westcroft, was built by J.A. Rucker II in 1835 (according to a paper found in the tax records after the historical society marker was made stating a date of 1848) but his wife did not want to live on "wild" Grosse Ile.

J.A. Rucker's cousin's son, Robert Lee Stanton, purchased the farm and house in 1873, in order to bring his widowed mother, Alexandrine Macomb Stanton, the daughter of General Alexander Macomb, back to Grosse Ile to live. Robert Lee Stanton (the godson of General Robert E. Lee) farmed Westcroft as a diversified farm but the main product was hay for the horses that pulled the Detroit trolleys.  Henry Ford's invention of the automobile made hay for trolley horses obsolete.  So Robert Lee Stanton's son, Ernest Newman Stanton, gradually changed Westcroft into a nursery specializing in the acid soil plants such as rhododendrons, azaleas, laurels, dogwood, etc.  He started this soon after returning from World War I, changing treeless hay fields into 5 1/2 acres of landscaped botanical gardens.  The white barn by the parking lot was built about 1925.  Pictures of it and the first greenhouse in barren fields are in the office, and included below.

History once again changed Westcroft's product when Ernest Stanton was asked to produce food for the armed services.  He raised thousands of turkeys until V-J Day after which he never wanted to see or hear a live turkey on the farm again.

Ernest’s daughter, Connie Lee Stanton de Beausset inherited Westcroft in 1984.  Her wish was to keep her father’s garden area open to all nature lovers. Connie’s daughter, Denise de Beausset managed Westcroft for over 30 years during which she and her 4 siblings inherited the remaining 27 acres of the historic property.

Today, Westcroft Gardens is owned by Connie’s son, Alexander de Beausset and managed by his son and niece, the 8th generation descendants of the Macomb brothers. We are honored to carry on our family legacy and continue our great-grandfather’s nursery and gardens.

Please enjoy, enjoy, enjoy during all the seasons of the year.